A Tail Like Deadly Scissors!

Imagine a walking living tank that is covered in armor from its nose to the tip of its tail. Gastonia is an ankylosaurian dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of North America, around 125 million years ago. Discovered in a bonebed of the lower Cedar Mountain Formation in Grand County, Utah. It was discovered in 1989, but not until recently have scientists been able to describe how devastating and successful this animal actually was. It could reach lengths other 20 feet long and weighed up to 4,200 pounds! We have all heard of the larger Ankylosaur with its large club at the end of its tail. Its popularity has grown with movies like Jurassic Park and Jurassic World. Gastonia was a very similar

A Whale With T-Rex Size Teeth!!!

Brygmophyseter is an extinct toothed whale in the sperm whale family. Living around 15 million years ago. The name is a combination of the Greek word brygmos, which means "biting" or "gnashing". It was first found in Japan the world was quickly in shock to see a skull 5 feet long with T-Rex size teeth! Its total estimated size was around 40 feet long. Not as long as some modern day whales but 3 times as big and as deadly as an Orca. The root of this whales teeth were angled back into the jaw, making them extremely sturdy and able to withstand extreme force and struggling prey. This whale was huge and dangerous, but that did not mean that it could swim freely through the oceans of the world

The World's First Saber-Toothed Killer!

260 million years ago, evolution took a morbid turn. For the first time in earths history, our world was introduced to a terrestrial predator with a devastating set of weapons! Its name is Inostrancevia. A genus of carnivorous therapsids, containing the largest members of the family Gorgonopsid characterized by long, saber-tooth-like canines. It inhabited what is now Northern Russia and was unmatched by any other predator at the time. Growing up to 12 feet long with a 2 foot long skull with nightmare size teeth. Inostrancivia was a mammal like reptile or Synapsids. Meaning a group of animals that includes mammals and every animal more closely related to mammals. Synapsids were the largest t

Burning oil might have killed the dinosaurs!

A massive oil burn could have been the reason for the darkness that was wrapped around the world 66 million years ago. It is well known that a giant meteor struck the earth in the Yucatan Peninsula and the Golf of Mexico. Nobel Prize winning physicist Louis Alvarez came up with the meteor theory back in 1979. He focused on a thin layer of clay – the K-Pg boundary – that marked the extinction. His clever idea was to look at iridium levels in the boundary clay. Iridium is a rare metal found primarily in meteorites, so the slow trickle of iridium from meteorites burning up in the atmosphere should act as a sort of cosmic hourglass, telling the passing of time. His plan backfired spectacularly:

Raptor vs. Raptor

The worlds most intelligent killers and they hunted in packs! Velociraptor, Utahraptor, Dakotaraptor, Austroraptor, Achillobator, Deinonychus, Microraptor, Dromaeosaurus, Troodon and more are part of a elite group of super killers that we have all grown to love and fear at the same time....and for good reason. They ruled the forests from the late Jurassic till the end of the dinosaurs reign 66 million years ago. We are all familiar with animals like Velociraptor because of the Jurassic Park movies. But there are a couple new discoveries that rival the movie killers in every category. It's well known now that the movies raptors are actually Utahraptors but Steven Spielberg didn't think that s

Dinosaur Brain Air Conditioning

We are all familiar with the "Head Butting" dinosaurs like Pachycephalosaurus, which I am sorry to say, NEVER WOULD HAVE BUTTED HEADS! 9-inches of solid bone with air passages, gaps, honeycombs or cushion between the top of the skull and the brain. If these Pachycephalosaurids actually set up like a modern day ram and smashed their heads together they would both knock each other out with the potential of killing each other. Not to mention the top of their heads are round! As explained by "Dinosaur George", (Look up his podcasts on itunes for some great insight) Take two bowling balls and stand 15 feet apart. Now run and ram these balls into each other. What happens you ask? The rounded surfa

Humming and singing dinosaurs!

We have all stopped to listed to the beautiful sound of the birds in the trees or flying overhead. The majority of bird sounds are so unique to modern archosaurs that 9 times out of ten we can tell that its a bird making these beautiful calls. Archosaurs are a group of diapsids whose living representatives consist of birds and crocodilians. This group also includes all extinct non-avian dinosaurs, extinct crocodilian relatives, and pterosaurs. One fact that has be recently guided into the spotlight is the about of birds that make certain humming or cooing sounds with their mouths closed. This is called "closed-mouth vocalization. Basically the animal is able to hum and sing using air pockets

They poured their heart and souls into this!

I have never seen such dedication and love for the detail and accuracy that artist James Havens and his crew put into their 30 foot long mural. I just watched a video from "The Alaskan Paleo-Project" and James havens. All I have to say is WOW! I have always enjoyed sitting back after looking at a fossil or reading an article on new findings and picturing what it might have looked like all of those millions of years ago. James Havens and his crew have quite literally done all of that work for us. After coming up with the idea of creating a accurate 30 foot long mural, they took the the process of creating this giant painting to a new level. Havens traveled to Hawaii to video and photograph wh

Massive Lion!

The African lion is the largest kitty that exists on the planet today, but less than 12,000 years ago there was an even larger cat that dominated North America. We are all familiar with Smilodon (a.k.a. the Sabertooth-Tiger) and what a perfect hunter it was. The American lion was larger, and more powerful in almost every aspect. Smilodon had these iconic 12 inch saber teeth that was originally thought to have been used for basically stabbing its victims over and over resulting puncturing organs and massive blood loss. What we have discovered is that the skull of this animal would not have been able to withstand the impact of the bones of its prey against the teeth. If Smilodon leaped throug

A New Killer!

The Jurassic period was full of lumbering giants and the beginning of large predators that hunted them. Now we can add one more terrifying killer to that list of terrestrial predators. There have been a few over sized crocodiles found through out the course of the last 150 years, but none of which had teeth the size of T-Rex. An important new addition to the list of ruling reptiles is Razanandrongobe sakalavae, or Razana for short. This gigantic crocodile, described in the journal PeerJ, was at the top of the Middle Jurassic food chain 164­–167 million years ago, and provides evidence that some crocodiles could take on even the fiercest dinosaur predators. This beast's remains was recently f

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